水之魂 (The Soul of Water)分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/ecqsun 《价键弛豫》《计量谱学》《氢键规则》《水合反应》

博文

金属表面上两类非等价耦合氢键 O:H−O 的态密度与分段协同弛豫(开放获取)

已有 3158 次阅读 2021-10-30 16:24 |个人分类:水之魂|系统分类:论文交流

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2590049821000424

Mater Today Adv Volume 12December 2021, 100172

Nonequivalent O:H−O bonds on metals

Mater Today -nonequiva;ent HBs.pdf

Understanding the nature of H-bonding interactions is essential to modern sciences, such as biology, chemistry, and physics. Using density functional theory calculations, herein, we have identified two unique H-bonding types existing in a single sheet of a mixed water–hydroxyl phase on close-packed metal surfaces, in sharp contrast to conventional H-bonds in liquid water and water ices. Interestingly, the shallow H-bonds show reduced electrostatic and Pauli repulsion interactions, with an electrostatic polar character resulted from complete σ resonances, whereas the deep H-bonds exhibit enhanced electrostatic and Pauli repulsion interactions, with an electrostatic dipolar feature originated from hybrid orbital interactions. A trade-off-like cooperativity law of the two types of H-bonds was discovered, that is, strengthening in the internal bonds (dOH) leads to weakening in the external bonds (dO:H) or vice versa. However, the shallow H-bonds exhibit a non-linear cooperativity, whereas the deep H-bonds show a linear cooperativity. We also identified an oxygen backbone cooperativity rule that strengthening the adsorbate–metal interactions has a net effect in analogy to reducing the O–O repulsion within the adlayer. Furthermore, we have discovered several universality classes in geometrical, vibrational, and electronic spaces for the two H-bonding types. Although shared by electronic universality classes, the two contrasting H-bonding types are featured by divergent trends with significant overlapping, where competitive variations in the electrostatic and Pauli repulsion strengths are basic rules for the cooperative H-bonding types. The knowledge of the unconventional H-bonding types expands our current understanding of H-bonding interactions in liquid water and water ices and points to the importance of H-bonding manipulation at electronic levels. These findings not only shed new light on probing the fundamental nature of H-bonds in general but also have insightful implications for resolving the cooperative H-bonding nature of interfacial water, liquid water, water ices, and aqueous solutions.



https://m.sciencenet.cn/blog-73032-1310131.html

上一篇:NaCl溶液结冰过程中的能量交换和冰点调制
下一篇:双层冰的5775点缺陷

0

该博文允许注册用户评论 请点击登录 评论 (0 个评论)

数据加载中...

Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备07017567号-12 )

GMT+8, 2022-11-30 14:54

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社

返回顶部