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人文教育

已有 1588 次阅读 2022-5-23 09:02 |个人分类:社会文化|系统分类:教学心得


          略说人文教育

        人文教育就是通识教育博雅教育,她与职业教育有很大的区别!职业教育是一种近似螺帽和螺丝配套的指向很固定的谋生技能的教育。而人文、通识、博雅教育则是使眼光视野情怀境界心性志趣思想智慧和人格品行得到全面拓展提升和优化的教育,她可以说指向人们赖以生存的整个社会空间,使受教育者无论在何处生活无论从事什么职业都受惠终生!人文、通识、博雅教育包括文学、历史、哲学、政治、经济、音乐、美术、书法、舞蹈等等学科和艺术门类。人文、通识、博雅教育从上个世纪五十年代全面移植苏联重理轻文的教育体系和理念后就被严重削弱,十年文革中更是被摧残得支离破碎,改革开放后有了一定程度的恢复,但随后应试教育又愈演愈烈,直到二十一世纪人文、通识、博雅教育的极其重要性才开始受到文化教育管理部门和知识界的日益重视,并逐渐形成社会学校家庭三位一体的共同推力,时至当今终于呈现出蓬蓬勃勃日益繁荣兴旺之势!


人文教育是指对受教育者所进行实践活动和意识活动进行一种旨在促进其人性境界提升、理想人格塑造以及个人与社会价值实现的教育,其实质是人性教育,其核心是涵养人文精神

https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E4%BA%BA%E6%96%87%E6%95%99%E8%82%B2/7855424?fr=aladdin


On Humanistic Education

Humanistic education is general education and liberal education. It is very different from vocational education! Vocational education is a kind of education that is similar to the matching of nuts and screws and points to very fixed life skills. The humanities, general education and liberal education are the education that comprehensively expands, improves and optimizes the vision, emotion, state of mind, temperament, interests, ideological wisdom and personality. It can be said that it points to the whole social space that people depend on for survival, so that the educated can benefit all their life no matter where they live, no matter what career they do! Humanities, general education and liberal arts education include literature, history, philosophy, politics, economy, music, art, calligraphy, dance and other disciplines and art categories. Humanities, general education and liberal arts education have been seriously weakened since the comprehensive transplantation of the Soviet Union's education system and concept of emphasizing science and neglecting literature in the 1950s. They have been devastated and fragmented in the ten-year Cultural Revolution. They have recovered to a certain extent after the reform and opening up, but then exam oriented education has become more and more intense until the 21st century The great importance of liberal arts education began to be paid more and more attention by the cultural and educational management departments and the intellectual community, and gradually formed the common thrust of the trinity of society, school and family. Up to now, it finally shows a vigorous and increasingly prosperous trend!


福如瑶母三千岁

寿比彭祖八百春

传说故事中的彭祖在历史上真实存在么,是否也活了880岁?

据《太平广记》、《神仙传》等典籍记载,彭祖,姓篯名铿,是上古时期颛顼帝的玄孙,到殷朝时期,彭祖已经七百六十七岁了,还是看不到他有衰老的迹象。为何彭祖能活那么久呢?原来彭祖擅长养生之术,没事就喜欢修行打坐,辟谷服气。另外彭祖还常常服食金丹,他说:“欲举形登天,上补仙官,当用金丹,此九召太一,所以白日升天也。”服食金丹是道教修仙的一种方式,像典籍里记载的马鸣生、左慈等都是这样成仙的。

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https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1707889203612411069&wfr=spider&for=pc

中国古代道教炼丹术名词。包括外丹和内丹两种。外丹是用丹砂与铅、硫黄等原料烧炼而成的黄色药金(还丹)其成品叫金丹 [1]  。服食以后可以使人成仙、长生不老。唐代以前金丹多指外丹。唐宋以后多指修炼内丹即把人体作炉鼎以体内的精、气作药物用神烧炼,使精、气、神凝聚可结成圣胎即可脱胎换骨而成仙。

https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E9%87%91%E4%B8%B9/3415086?fr=aladdin

晋 葛洪 《抱朴子·金丹》:“夫金丹之为物,烧之愈久,变化愈妙;黄金入火,百鍊不消,埋之,毕天不朽。服此二物,鍊人身体,故能令人不老不死。”

https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E9%87%91%E4%B8%B9/31308?fr=aladdin

https://www.zysj.com.cn/zhongyaofang/jindan/index.html


Fu Ruyao's mother is 3000 years old




Eight hundred spring than Peng Zu






Does Peng Zu in the legend really exist in history? Did he also live 880 years old?






According to the records of Taiping Guangji, immortal biography and other ancient books, Peng Zu, surnamed Zhen and named Keng, was the great grandson of emperor Zhuanxu in ancient times. By the Yin Dynasty, Peng Zu was 767 years old, and there was still no sign of his aging. Why did Peng Zu live so long? It turned out that Peng Zu was good at the art of health preservation. He liked to practice and meditate when he had nothing to do. In addition, Peng Zu often took the golden elixir. He said, "if you want to ascend to heaven and supplement immortal officials, you should use the golden elixir. These nine summon too one, so it's necessary to ascend to heaven in the daytime." Taking the golden elixir is a way of cultivating immortality in Taoism, such as Ma Mingsheng and Zuo CI recorded in ancient books.






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Ancient Chinese Taoist alchemy terms. Including external pill and internal pill. Waidan is a yellow medicine gold (huandan) made of dansha, lead, sulfur and other raw materials. Its finished product is called Jindan [1]. After taking it, people can become immortals and live forever. Before the Tang Dynasty, golden elixirs mostly referred to external elixirs. After the Tang and Song Dynasties, it mostly refers to the cultivation of internal alchemy, that is, the human body is used as a furnace tripod, the essence and Qi in the body are used as drugs, and the spirit is burned and refined with the spirit, so that the essence, Qi and spirit can be condensed into a holy embryo, which can be reborn and become an immortal.




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Jin Gehong's baopuzi golden elixir said, "a man's golden elixir is an object. The longer it is burned, the better the change will be. When gold is put into the fire, it will not disappear. If it is buried, it will be immortal. Taking these two objects will bind people's body, so it can make people immortal."




https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E9%87%91%E4%B8%B9/31308?fr=aladdin






https://www.zysj.com.cn/zhongyaofang/jindan/index.html




https://m.sciencenet.cn/blog-280034-1339782.html

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