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诺奖文集 1991年诺贝尔医学奖 萨克曼 德国科学家、细胞生理学家

已有 380 次阅读 2022-9-7 06:47 |个人分类:诺贝尔奖|系统分类:论文交流


    德国科学家、细胞生理学家

萨克曼 (德语:Bert Sakmann,1942年6月12日-) ,德国科学家,细胞生理学家,与德国细胞生理学家内尔合作发明了应用膜片钳技术,发现了细胞膜存在离子通道,而共同获得1991年诺贝尔奖。该技术是一种广泛用于细胞生物学及神经科学研究的方法,可借以检验小至一万亿分之一安培的通过细胞膜的电流。

https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E4%BC%AF%E7%89%B9%C2%B7%E8%90%A8%E5%85%8B%E6%9B%BC/4060649?fromModule=lemma_inlink


https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/?term=Sakmann+B&cauthor_id=34129431

summary-SakmannB-set.txt

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1373631/


http://www.pubmedplus.cn/P/SearchQuickResult?wd=fc9a7e4d-bea4-479f-adfe-9b6277a43b00

J Hist Neurosci

2021 Jun 15;1-20.

 doi: 10.1080/0964704X.2021.1898903. Online ahead of print.

Neuroscience history interview with Professor Bert Sakmann, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine (1991), Max Planck Society, Germany

Bert Sakmann 1Frank W Stahnisch 2

Affiliations expand

Abstract

Dr. Bert Sakmann (b. 1942) studied at the Universities of Tuebingen, Freiburg, Berlin, Paris, and Munich, graduating in 1967. Much of his professional life has been spent in various institutes of the Max Planck Society. In 1971, a British Council Fellowship took him to the Department of Biophysics of University College London to work with Bernard Katz (1911-2003). In 1974, he obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Goettingen and, with Erwin Neher (b. 1944) at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, began work that would transform cellular biology and neuroscience, resulting in the 1991 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. In 2008, Dr. Sakmann returned to Munich, where he headed the research group "Cortical Columns in Silico" at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried. Here, their group discovered the cell-type specific sensory activation patterns in different layers of a column in the vibrissal area of rodents' somatosensory cortices.

Keywords: Bernard Katz; Bert Sakmann; Britain; Germany; Max Planck Society; brain research; international relations; neurophysiology; oral history interview; patch-clamp technique; twentieth-century history.

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