小柯机器人

ctDNA可指导尿路上皮癌的辅助免疫治疗
2021-06-20 16:20

美国罗氏公司Sanjeev Mariathasan、英国伦敦玛丽女王大学Thomas Powles等研究人员合作发现,ctDNA可指导尿路上皮癌的辅助免疫治疗。这一研究成果于2021年6月16日在线发表在国际学术期刊《自然》上。

研究人员评估了581名接受手术且可评估循环肿瘤DNA(ctDNA)患者的结局,这些患者来自辅助性atezolizumab与观察性可手术尿路上皮癌随机III期试验。该试验在意向治疗人群中未达到其疗效终点。研究人员在治疗开始时(周期1第1天)的ctDNA检测中确定了214(37%)名ctDNA阳性且预后不良的患者(观察组风险比=6.3(95%置信区间:4.45-8.92 );P<0.0001)。

值得注意的是,与观察组相比,ctDNA阳性的患者在atezolizumab组中的无病生存期和总生存期有所改善(无病生存风险比=0.58(95% 置信区间:0.43–0.79);P=0.0024,总体生存风险比=0.59(95% 置信区间:0.41–0.86))。对于 ctDNA阴性的患者,治疗组之间的无病生存期或总生存期没有差异。atezolizumab组第6周的ctDNA清除率(18%)高于观察组(4%)(P=0.0204)。对 ctDNA阳性患者肿瘤的转录组学分析显示,细胞周期和角蛋白基因的表达水平较高。对于ctDNA阳性并接受atezolizumab治疗的患者,未复发与免疫反应特征和基底鳞状细胞基因特征相关,而复发与血管生成和成纤维细胞TGFβ特征相关。

这些数据表明,与ctDNA阳性且复发风险高的患者的观察相比,辅助性atezolizumab可能与改善的结果相关。如果在其他环境中得到验证,这些发现将改变术后癌症护理的方法。

据悉,微创方法被用来检测手术后残留的疾病,从而确定有转移复发风险的癌症患者。ctDNA有望成为分子残留疾病和复发的生物标志物。

附:英文原文

Title: ctDNA guiding adjuvant immunotherapy in urothelial carcinoma

Author: Thomas Powles, Zoe June Assaf, Nicole Davarpanah, Romain Banchereau, Bernadett E. Szabados, Kobe C. Yuen, Petros Grivas, Maha Hussain, Stephane Oudard, Jrgen E. Gschwend, Peter Albers, Daniel Castellano, Hiroyuki Nishiyama, Siamak Daneshmand, Shruti Sharma, Bernhard G. Zimmermann, Himanshu Sethi, Alexey Aleshin, Maurizio Perdicchio, Jingbin Zhang, David S. Shames, Viraj Degaonkar, Xiaodong Shen, Corey Carter, Carlos Bais, Joaquim Bellmunt, Sanjeev Mariathasan

Issue&Volume: 2021-06-16

Abstract: Minimally invasive approaches to detect residual disease after surgery are needed to identify patients with cancer who are at risk for metastatic relapse. Circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) holds promise as a biomarker for molecular residual disease and relapse1. We evaluated outcomes in 581 patients who had undergone surgery and were evaluable for ctDNA from a randomized phase III trial of adjuvant atezolizumab versus observation in operable urothelial cancer. This trial did not reach its efficacy end point in the intention-to-treat population. Here we show that ctDNA testing at the start of therapy (cycle 1 day 1) identified 214 (37%) patients who were positive for ctDNA and who had poor prognosis (observation arm hazard ratio = 6.3 (95% confidence interval: 4.45–8.92); P < 0.0001). Notably, patients who were positive for ctDNA had improved disease-free survival and overall survival in the atezolizumab arm versus the observation arm (disease-free survival hazard ratio = 0.58 (95% confidence interval: 0.43–0.79); P = 0.0024, overall survival hazard ratio = 0.59 (95% confidence interval: 0.41–0.86)). No difference in disease-free survival or overall survival between treatment arms was noted for patients who were negative for ctDNA. The rate of ctDNA clearance at week 6 was higher in the atezolizumab arm (18%) than in the observation arm (4%) (P = 0.0204). Transcriptomic analysis of tumours from patients who were positive for ctDNA revealed higher expression levels of cell-cycle and keratin genes. For patients who were positive for ctDNA and who were treated with atezolizumab, non-relapse was associated with immune response signatures and basal–squamous gene features, whereas relapse was associated with angiogenesis and fibroblast TGFβ signatures. These data suggest that adjuvant atezolizumab may be associated with improved outcomes compared with observation in patients who are positive for ctDNA and who are at a high risk of relapse. These findings, if validated in other settings, would shift approaches to postoperative cancer care.

DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03642-9

Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03642-9

 

Nature:《自然》,创刊于1869年。隶属于施普林格·自然出版集团,最新IF:43.07
官方网址:http://www.nature.com/
投稿链接:http://www.nature.com/authors/submit_manuscript.html


本期文章:《自然》:Online/在线发表

分享到:

0