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[转载]热点专题 | 量子计算与量子模拟

已有 365 次阅读 2021-8-23 15:01 |系统分类:论文交流|文章来源:转载

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为了展现国内外在"量子计算与量子模拟"研究领域的代表性成果,"Chinese Physics B"(CPB)编辑部邀请范桁和郑东宁两位老师作为客座编辑,组织了" Quantum computation and quantum simulation "专题,敬请关注!

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编者按

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    |范   桁    中国科学院物理研究所

    |郑东宁    中国科学院物理研究所


2020年6月,Chinese Physics B(CPB)发起“量子计算与量子模拟”专题的征稿和邀请,期望以专题的形式集中发表体现国内外量子计算、量子信息及量子模拟研究领域最新进展的原创和综述文章。在客座编辑、作者、审稿专家和编辑部的共同努力下,本专题历时一年,已陆续发表38篇论文(包括8篇综述,30篇原始论文)。编辑部已将这些论文整理并在编辑部网站Special Topic 栏目集中展示,还将单独印刷抽印本免费发放,以方便读者的查阅并提升本专题的影响力。


近年来,量子计算与量子模拟的研究发展迅速,有望形成变革性技术并获得广泛应用。因此,各国政府都非常重视,将其视为下一代信息产业的重要组成部分。现今公众的期望和关注度已超越研究领域本身,这一方面促进了更多人才和资本的进入,另一方面不可避免会产生过分乐观的预期。从学科发展本身来说,大量的创新性成果也需要评估和总结,不同技术路线也需互相借鉴。浏览CPB“量子计算与量子模拟”专题下的这些文章,既可为领域内科研人员提供某具体研究方向的详细进展和原创成果,也可为初学者和更多读者提供对此领域发展现状的专业判断和科学描述。


本专题发表的文章涵盖较为广泛的内容,包括量子计算实现的技术路线有超导系统、里德堡原子系统、核磁共振系统、离子阱系统、拓扑系统、光学系统等;内容方面既有量子器件制备,也有各种量子计算和量子模拟的方案研究,如态制备、传递、测控、门操作、算法、机器学习及多体动力学等;同时也有量子信息基本理论、低温实验系统技术等内容。这些文章很多都出自国内领先的代表性课题组,相信会为读者提供一个权威的、全景式的科学视图,并促进整个量子科技研究领域的交流与发展。


去年我们酝酿组织此专题是基于当时此研究领域的蓬勃发展和公众开始普遍关注的形势,在专题投、审稿期间,国家明确指出“量子科技发展具有重大科学意义和战略价值,是一项对传统技术体系产生冲击、进行重构的重大颠覆性技术创新,将引领新一轮科技革命和产业变革方向”,使得此专刊具有了时代背景下的特殊意义。


处于现今复杂多变的世界环境,支持国内期刊,提高其学术影响力,使之长期稳定健康发展,我国科研人员是其中最具影响的关键因素;而中国期刊在各个研究领域影响力和话语权的提高,反过来也会扩大其科研成果的传播面和受众范围。因此,办好中国自己的刊物,扩大其影响,我们广大物理科研工作者既是贡献者也是受益者。CPB是国内物理类综合性英文学术期刊中的大刊,更需要国内物理界同仁的更多关注和支持!


在此,我们要特别感谢本专题的作者、审稿专家、及编辑部的辛苦付出!期待此专题能得到更多同行读者的关注,促进量子计算与量子模拟领域的合作交流与发展!

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REVIEWS

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A concise review of Rydberg atom based quantum computation and quantum simulation

Xiaoling Wu(吴晓凌), Xinhui Liang(梁昕晖), Yaoqi Tian(田曜齐), Fan Yang(杨帆), Cheng Chen(陈丞), Yong-Chun Liu(刘永椿), Meng Khoon Tey(郑盟锟), and Li You(尤力)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 020305

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Selected topics of quantum computing for nuclear physics

Dan-Bo Zhang(张旦波), Hongxi Xing(邢宏喜), Hui Yan(颜辉), Enke Wang(王恩科), and Shi-Liang Zhu(朱诗亮)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 020306

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Review of quantum simulation based on Rydberg many-body system

Zheng-Yuan Zhang(张正源), Dong-Sheng Ding(丁冬生), and Bao-Sen Shi(史保森)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 020307

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Low-temperature environments for quantum computation and quantum simulation

Hailong Fu(付海龙), Pengjie Wang(王鹏捷), Zhenhai Hu(胡禛海), Yifan Li(李亦璠), and Xi Lin(林熙)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 020702

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Quantum simulations with nuclear magnetic resonance system

Chudan Qiu(邱楚丹), Xinfang Nie(聂新芳), and Dawei Lu(鲁大为)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4):  048201

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Quantum computation and simulation with vibrational modes of trapped ions

Wentao Chen(陈文涛), Jaren Gan, Jing-Ning Zhang(张静宁), Dzmitry Matuskevich, and Kihwan Kim(金奇奂)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):  060311

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Quantum computation and error correction based on continuous variable cluster states

Shuhong Hao(郝树宏), Xiaowei Deng(邓晓玮), Yang Liu(刘阳), Xiaolong Su(苏晓龙), Changde Xie(谢常德), and Kunchi Peng(彭堃墀)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):  060312

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Quantum computation and simulation with superconducting qubits

Kaiyong He(何楷泳), Xiao Geng(耿霄), Rutian Huang(黄汝田), Jianshe Liu(刘建设), and Wei Chen(陈炜)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (8):  080304


ARTICLES

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A two-dimensional quantum walk driven by a single two-side coin

Quan Lin(林泉), Hao Qin(秦豪) Kun-Kun Wang(王坤坤), Lei Xiao(肖磊), and Peng Xue(薛鹏)

Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29 (11): 110303

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Quantum algorithm for a set of quantum 2SAT problems

Yanglin Hu(胡杨林), Zhelun Zhang(张哲伦), and Biao Wu(吴飙)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 020308

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Quantum dynamics on a lossy non-Hermitian lattice

Li Wang(王利), Qing Liu(刘青), and Yunbo Zhang(张云波)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 020506

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Dissipative preparation of multipartite Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states of Rydberg atoms

Chong Yang(杨崇), Dong-Xiao Li(李冬啸), and Xiao-Qiang Shao(邵晓强)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 023201

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Phase-sensitive Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interference in superconducting quantum circuit

Zhi-Xuan Yang(杨智璇), Yi-Meng Zhang(张一萌), Yu-Xuan Zhou(周宇轩), Li-Bo Zhang(张礼博), Fei Yan(燕飞), Song Liu(刘松), Yuan Xu(徐源), and Jian Li(李剑)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 024212

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Quench dynamics in 1D model with 3rd-nearest-neighbor hoppings

Shuai Yue(岳帅), Xiang-Fa Zhou(周祥发), and Zheng-Wei Zhou(周正威)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 026402

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Cluster mean-field study of spinor Bose-Hubbard ladder: Ground-state phase diagram and many-body population dynamics

Li Zhang(张莉), Wenjie Liu(柳文洁), Jiahao Huang(黄嘉豪), and Chaohong Lee(李朝红)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (2): 026701

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Quantum walk under coherence non-generating channels

Zishi Chen(陈子石) and Xueyuan Hu(胡雪元)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (3): 030305

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A proposal for preparation of cluster states with linear optics

Le Ju(鞠乐), Ming Yang(杨名), and Peng Xue(薛鹏)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (3): 030306

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Fast generation of W state via superadiabatic-based shortcut in circuit quantum electrodynamics

Xue-Mei Wang(王雪梅), An-Qi Zhang(张安琪), Peng Xu(许鹏), and Sheng-Mei Zhao(赵生妹)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (3): 030307

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Nonlocal advantage of quantum coherence in a dephasing channel with memory

Ming-Liang Hu(胡明亮), Yu-Han Zhang(张宇晗), and Heng Fan(范桁)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (3): 030308

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Scheme to measure the expectation value of a physical quantity in weak coupling regime

Jie Zhang(张杰), Chun-Wang Wu(吴春旺), Yi Xie(谢艺), Wei Wu(吴伟), and Ping-Xing Chen(陈平形)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (3): 033201

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Realization of arbitrary two-qubit quantum gates based on chiral Majorana fermions

Qing Yan(闫青) and Qing-Feng Sun(孙庆丰)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4): 040303

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Taking tomographic measurements for photonic qubits 88 ns before they are created

Zhibo Hou(侯志博), Qi Yin(殷琪), Chao Zhang(张超), Han-Sen Zhong(钟翰森), Guo-Yong Xiang(项国勇), Chuan-Feng Li(李传锋), Guang-Can Guo(郭光灿), Geoff J. Pryde, and Anthony Laing

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4): 040304

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Efficient self-testing system for quantum computations based on permutations

Shuquan Ma(马树泉), Changhua Zhu(朱畅华), Min Nie(聂敏), and Dongxiao Quan(权东晓)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4): 040305

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Quantum annealing for semi-supervised learning

Yu-Lin Zheng(郑玉鳞), Wen Zhang(张文), Cheng Zhou(周诚), and Wei Geng(耿巍)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4): 040306

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Realization of adiabatic and diabatic CZ gates in superconducting qubits coupled with a tunable coupler

Huikai Xu(徐晖凯), Weiyang Liu(刘伟洋), Zhiyuan Li(李志远), Jiaxiu Han(韩佳秀), Jingning Zhang(张静宁), Kehuan Linghu(令狐克寰), Yongchao Li(李永超), Mo Chen(陈墨), Zhen Yang(杨真), Junhua Wang(王骏华), Teng Ma(马腾), Guangming Xue(薛光明), Yirong Jin(金贻荣), and Haifeng Yu(于海峰)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4):  044212

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Speeding up generation of photon Fock state in a superconducting circuit via counterdiabatic driving

Xin-Ping Dong(董新平), Xiao-Jing Lu(路晓静), Ming Li(李明), Zheng-Yin Zhao(赵正印), and Zhi-Bo Feng(冯志波)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4):  044214

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Micro-scale photon source in a hybrid cQED system

Ming-Bo Chen(陈明博), Bao-Chuan Wang(王保传), Si-Si Gu(顾思思), Ting Lin(林霆), Hai-Ou Li(李海欧), Gang Cao(曹刚), and Guo-Ping Guo(郭国平)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (4):  048507

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Fabrication of microresonators by using photoresist developer as etchant

Shu-Qing Song(宋树清), Jian-Wen Xu(徐建文), Zhi-Kun Han(韩志坤), Xiao-Pei Yang(杨晓沛), Yu-Ting Sun(孙宇霆), Xiao-Han Wang(王晓晗), Shao-Xiong Li(李邵雄), Dong Lan(兰栋), Jie Zhao(赵杰), Xin-Sheng Tan(谭新生), and Yang Yu(于扬)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):  060313

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Interaction induced non-reciprocal three-level quantum transport

Sai Li(李赛), Tao Chen(陈涛), Jia Liu(刘佳), and Zheng-Yuan Xue(薛正远)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):  060314

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Fine-grained uncertainty relation for open quantum system

Shang-Bin Han(韩尚斌), Shuai-Jie Li(李帅杰), Jing-Jun Zhang(张精俊), and Jun Feng(冯俊)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):  060315

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Fabrication and characterization of all-Nb lumped-element Josephson parametric amplifiers

Hang Xue(薛航), Zhirong Lin(林志荣), Wenbing Jiang(江文兵), Zhengqi Niu(牛铮琦), Kuang Liu(刘匡), Wei Peng(彭炜), and Zhen Wang(王镇)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):  068503

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An easily-prepared impedance matched Josephson parametric amplifier

Ya-Peng Lu(卢亚鹏), Quan Zuo(左权), Jia-Zheng Pan(潘佳政), Jun-Liang Jiang(江俊良), Xing-Yu Wei(魏兴雨), Zi-Shuo Li(李子硕), Wen-Qu Xu(许问渠), Kai-Xuan Zhang(张凯旋), Ting-Ting Guo(郭婷婷), Shuo Wang(王硕), Chun-Hai Cao(曹春海), Wei-Wei Xu(许伟伟), Guo-Zhu Sun(孙国柱), and Pei-Heng Wu(吴培亨)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):  068504

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Nonlocal advantage of quantum coherence and entanglement of two spins under intrinsic decoherence

Bao-Min Li(李保民), Ming-Liang Hu(胡明亮), and Heng Fan(范桁)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (7):  070307

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Universal quantum control based on parametric modulation in superconducting circuits

Dan-Yu Li(李丹宇), Ji Chu(储继), Wen Zheng(郑文), Dong Lan(兰栋), Jie Zhao(赵杰), Shao-Xiong Li(李邵雄), Xin-Sheng Tan(谭新生), and Yang Yu(于扬)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (7):  070308

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Universal quantum circuit evaluation on encrypted data using probabilistic quantum homomorphic encryption scheme

Jing-Wen Zhang(张静文), Xiu-Bo Chen(陈秀波), Gang Xu(徐刚), and Yi-Xian Yang(杨义先)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (7):  070309

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Fast qubit initialization in a superconducting circuit

Tianqi Huang(黄天棋), Wen Zheng(郑文), Shuqing Song(宋树清), Yuqian Dong(董煜倩), Xiaopei Yang(杨晓沛), Zhikun Han(韩志坤), Dong Lan(兰栋), and Xinsheng Tan(谭新生)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (7):  070310

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Integrated superconducting circuit for qubit and resonator protection

Xiao-Pei Yang(杨晓沛), Zhi-Kun Han(韩志坤), Shu-Qing Song(宋树清), Wen Zheng(郑文), Dong Lan(兰栋), Xin-Sheng Tan(谭新生), and Yang Yu(于扬)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (7):  078403

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Optimized pulse for stimulated Raman adiabatic passage on noisy experimental platform

Zhi-Ling Wang(王志凌), Leiyinan Liu(刘雷轶男), and Jian Cui(崔健)

Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (8):  080305


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