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Essence of "BUG" in Consciousness

已有 323 次阅读 2024-2-20 16:48 |系统分类:论文交流

Traditional Invention and Innovation Theory 1946-TRIZ Does Not Adapt to the Digital Era

-Innovative problem-solving methods combining DIKWP model and classic TRIZ

Purpose driven Integration of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom Invention and creation methods: DIKWP-TRIZ

(Chinese people's own original invention and creation methods:DIKWP - TRIZ)

 

 

 Essence of "BUG" in Consciousness: A Journey into the Abstraction of Semantic Wholeness

 

 

 

Yucong Duan, Shiming Gong

DIKWP-AC Artificial Consciousness Laboratory

AGI-AIGC-GPT Evaluation DIKWP (Global) Laboratory

World Association of Artificial Consciousness

(Emailduanyucong@hotmail.com)

 

 

Catalogue

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Background

3 Human consciousness has formed an abstract and complete semantics.

4 Bug represent the illusion generated in the process of information processing.

5 The process of pattern recognition and simplification forms abstract complete semantics

6 Related work

Conclusion

摘要

1 引言

2 背景

3 人类意识形成了抽象的完整语义

4 bug表现信息处理过程中产生的错觉

5 模式识别和简化的过程形成抽象的完整语义

6 相关工作

结论

Reference

 

Abstract

When exploring the nature of consciousness, we often face a complicated and profound question: what is a "bug"? The purpose of this study is to explore this problem in depth. We believe that bug is not only a limitation in information processing, but also an illusion that leads human beings to create abstract and complete semantics and use them as tools. When the brain is faced with complex information, it tends to simplify and identify patterns, forming abstract concepts and meanings, and then we apply these abstract semantics to real life. This process reveals the limitations in the formation of consciousness and also presents the particularity of human cognition.

1 Introduction

With the rapid development of artificial intelligence technology, people's dispute about whether there is an artificial consciousness system is getting more and more serious. On this issue, there are different views and theories in academic circles. Some people think that the artificial consciousness system is only a simulation and imitation of human consciousness, while others insist that the artificial consciousness system has independent existence. In this context, we need to understand the essence of consciousness and the "bug" phenomenon in it.

The purpose of this report is to explore the "bug" in consciousness, that is, the illusion generated in the process of information processing, which leads to the phenomenon that human beings create abstract and complete semantics and use them as tools. In order to better understand this problem, we will combine the latest research results in the fields of neuroscience, cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence to deeply explore how the "bug" in consciousness affects human cognition and behavior.

First, let's consider the formation process of human consciousness. In the process of perception and thinking, our brain must process a large amount of information from the outside world and integrate and explain it through neural networks. However, due to the limited cognitive resources and processing ability, we can't process all the information at the same time. Therefore, our brains tend to look for patterns, simplify information and turn it into a form that is easier to understand and process. This process of pattern recognition and simplification leads to our abstract understanding and cognition of the world and forms an abstract and complete semantics.

In this context, the "bug" in consciousness is manifested as an illusion generated in the process of information processing. When the brain is faced with complex information, it may create an illusion, which makes us mistakenly think that we understand all or the whole thing. This illusion leads us to create abstract and complete semantics, that is, to regard one-sided and incomplete cognition as a comprehensive and accurate description. Furthermore, we use these abstract complete semantics as tools, that is, apply them to real life, such as languages, symbols, tools and so on. However, this instrumental use may not always be accurate or reasonable because it is based on our limited knowledge and understanding.

Finally, this process of pattern recognition and simplification forms an abstract and complete semantics. We no longer regard things as scattered fragments, but integrate them into more complete and coherent concepts and meanings. These abstract and complete semantics become the basis for us to understand and describe the world, and affect our way of thinking and behavior. Therefore, the formation of human consciousness is a process of gradual abstraction and generalization, in which pattern recognition and simplification play a vital role.

In the next report, we will further explore the nature of "bug" in consciousness and its influence on human cognition and behavior. We will analyze how the "bug" in consciousness shapes our understanding of the world and how it affects our daily life and social interaction from different disciplines. It is hoped that through this discussion, we can understand the mystery of consciousness more deeply and provide new ideas and methods for the development and application of artificial intelligence technology.

2 Background

Understanding bugs in consciousness involves the limitations of human cognition and the particularity of information processing mechanism. First, let's discuss the limitations of human cognition. Human cognitive system is influenced by many factors, including perception, memory and learning experience. These factors work together, making it impossible for human beings to understand and explain the world completely and accurately. Our perception ability is limited and we can't perceive all the information; Our memory is limited and we can't remember all the details; Our learning experience is limited and we can't cover all situations. Therefore, our understanding of the world is often one-sided and incomplete.

Secondly, let's consider the particularity of information processing mechanism. As the center of information processing, the human brain must be screened, integrated and processed in the massive information. In order to meet this challenge, the brain has adopted a series of strategies, such as pattern recognition, simplifying complexity, and filling in information gaps. These strategies have greatly shaped our cognition and understanding of the world. However, this information processing mechanism is not perfect, which will lead to some prejudice, misunderstanding and wrong judgment.

In this context, the bug in consciousness is manifested as an illusion in the process of information processing. When the brain is faced with complex information, it may create an illusion, which makes us mistakenly think that we understand all or the whole thing. This illusion leads us to create abstract and complete semantics, that is, to regard one-sided and incomplete cognition as a comprehensive and accurate description. Furthermore, we use these abstract complete semantics as tools, that is, apply them to real life, such as languages, symbols, tools and so on. However, this instrumental use may not always be accurate or reasonable because it is based on our limited knowledge and understanding.

To sum up, understanding the bug in consciousness is not only a limitation, but also an illusion in the process of information processing. This illusion leads us to create abstract and complete semantics and use it as a tool, that is, to regard one-sided and incomplete cognition as a comprehensive and accurate description and apply it to real life. The essence of this bug can be further explained as the limitation of human cognition and the particularity of information processing mechanism, which affects our understanding and behavior of the world.

3 Human consciousness has formed an abstract and complete semantics.

The formation of human consciousness involves the complex interaction of perception, thinking and cognition. Our brain is faced with a huge amount of information from the outside world, and to find useful patterns and laws in these information, we need to process and process the information efficiently. However, due to the limitation of cognitive resources and processing ability, we can't process all the information at the same time, so we must choose and screen.

In this process of selection and screening, our brains tend to look for patterns and try to simplify complex information into a form that is easier to understand and process. This ability of pattern recognition is one of the important features of human consciousness, which enables us to quickly extract important features and laws from complex information. For example, when we see an animal, we may immediately classify it as a cat, a dog or a bird, instead of analyzing its characteristics and behavior in detail.

This process of pattern recognition and simplification leads to our abstract understanding and cognition of the world. We no longer regard things as isolated individuals, but classify them into broader categories and concepts. These abstract concepts and categories constitute our cognitive framework of the world and help us understand and explain the complex phenomena in the surrounding environment. For example, we classify all kinds of animals as "animals" and all kinds of plants as "plants" to simplify our understanding of the biological world.

Finally, this process of pattern recognition and simplification forms an abstract and complete semantics. We no longer regard things as scattered fragments, but integrate them into more complete and coherent concepts and meanings. These abstract and complete semantics become the basis for us to understand and describe the world, and affect our way of thinking and behavior. Therefore, the formation of human consciousness is a process of gradual abstraction and generalization, in which pattern recognition and simplification play a vital role.

4 Bug represent the illusion generated in the process of information processing.

In the process of the formation of human consciousness, in the face of complex information and environment, our brain may have an illusion, which makes us mistakenly think that we understand all or the whole thing. This illusion can be regarded as a bug in consciousness, which is a deviation or misjudgment in the process of information processing. When we are faced with information overload or complexity, our brains tend to look for simplified and patterned explanations, while ignoring the details and complexity of things.

This illusion leads us to create abstract and complete semantics, that is, to regard one-sided and incomplete cognition as a comprehensive and accurate description. We tend to classify and generalize things, give them meaning and value, and form an abstract understanding of the world. For example, we divide human society into political, economic, cultural and other fields, and give these fields their respective meanings and functions. However, this abstract and complete semantics is often based on our limited knowledge and understanding, ignoring the diversity and complexity of things.

Furthermore, we use these abstract complete semantics as tools, that is, apply them to real life. We use language, symbols and tools to express and convey these abstract concepts, which helps us to understand and explain the world. However, this instrumental use is not always accurate or reasonable because it is based on our limited knowledge and understanding. We may mistakenly apply abstract concepts to specific situations, leading to misunderstanding and wrong judgment.

Therefore, the bug in consciousness is a kind of illusion in the process of information processing, which makes us mistakenly think that we understand all or the whole thing. This illusion leads us to create abstract and complete semantics and use it as a tool. However, this instrumental use is often not always accurate or reasonable because it is based on our limited knowledge and understanding.

5 The process of pattern recognition and simplification forms abstract complete semantics

Pattern recognition and simplification play a vital role in the formation of human consciousness. When we are faced with rich and varied information and complex and changeable environment, our brains tend to look for common ground and laws, and integrate scattered fragments into more complete and coherent concepts and meanings. This process leads to the formation of abstract and complete semantics, so that we no longer regard things as isolated and scattered fragments, but put them in a larger framework and give them deeper meaning and significance.

Abstract and complete semantics become the basis for us to understand and describe the world. We explain the essence and relationship of things through abstract concepts and meanings, thus forming a holistic cognition of the world. For example, we classify objects as living and non-living, and divide society into political, economic, cultural and other fields, and give these fields their own specific meanings and functions. These abstract concepts and meanings influence our way of thinking and behavior, and guide our decision-making and actions.

Therefore, the formation of human consciousness is a process of gradual abstraction and generalization. In this process, pattern recognition and simplification play a key role, helping us to integrate rich and diverse information into an understandable and processable form. Abstract and complete semantics become the basis of our understanding of the world and shape our cognitive structure and behavior patterns.

6 Related work

Main related research parts:

Baars' global workspace theory: Baars put forward the global workspace theory, which holds that consciousness is realized by a global workspace network, in which information is exchanged, integrated and accessed. This theory has a profound impact on the field of cognitive neuroscience and provides an important framework for explaining the mechanism of consciousness.

Tononi and Koch's theory of consciousness index: Tononi and Koch put forward the theory of consciousness index, which holds that the degree of consciousness depends on the degree and complexity of information integration of neural networks. Their research reveals the close relationship between consciousness and brain information processing, and puts forward the method of quantifying consciousness.

Pre-consciousness and Subconscious Treatment by Dehaene et al.: Dehaene et al. put forward the difference between consciousness, pre-consciousness and subconsciousness, and proved the difference through behavioral and neuroscience experiments. This study promotes the understanding of different levels of consciousness and provides important clues for studying the relationship between consciousness, attention and memory.

Crick and Koch's neuron oscillation theory: Crick and Koch put forward the neuron oscillation theory, which holds that consciousness is produced by synchronous oscillation between neurons. Their theory provides important clues for understanding the neural mechanism of consciousness and promotes the understanding of brain information processing.

The relationship between consciousness and working memory of Baars and Franklin: Baars and Franklin discussed the relationship between consciousness and working memory, and put forward the view that consciousness is a global workspace. Their research reveals the important role of consciousness in information processing and cognitive control, and provides important clues for studying the relationship between consciousness, attention and memory.

Graziano's theory of automatic consciousness: Graziano put forward the theory of automatic consciousness, which holds that consciousness is a simulation of the brain's own activities. His research provides a new perspective for understanding the function and evolution of consciousness, and promotes the study of the relationship between consciousness and self-consciousness.

The above related work provides an important theoretical and empirical basis for consciousness research, provides important clues for us to understand the nature and mechanism of consciousness, and promotes the development of consciousness research field. Combining the above quotations with our previous communication, we can further understand and discuss consciousness. The following is a combination of each quotation and Professor Yucong Duan's point of view:

Baars' global workspace theory: Baars' theory puts forward the view that consciousness is realized by a global workspace network. This is closely related to the relationship between individual and collective consciousness that we discussed before. Individual consciousness can be regarded as a local workspace, while collective consciousness is a global network composed of multiple individual workspaces. Baars' theory provides an important framework for us to understand the relationship between individual and collective consciousness.

Tononi and Koch's consciousness index theory: Tononi and Koch's theory emphasizes that the degree of consciousness is related to the degree and complexity of information integration of neural networks. This is related to the concept of bug in consciousness that we discussed before. bugs in consciousness can be understood as illusions generated in the process of information processing, which leads us to mistakenly think that we understand all or the whole of things. This illusion affects the integration and understanding of information, thus affecting the degree of consciousness.

Pre-consciousness and Subconscious Treatment by Dehaene et al.: Dehaene et al.' s research reveals the differences between consciousness, pre-consciousness and subconsciousness. This is related to the interaction between consciousness and subconscious in the group we discussed before. Group subconsciousness can be understood as beliefs and habits deeply rooted in the collective mind, which have an important impact on collective behavior and response. The research of Dehaene and others provides important clues for us to understand the formation and function of group subconscious.

Crick and Koch's neuron oscillation theory: Crick and Koch's theory emphasizes that synchronous oscillation between neurons is related to the generation of consciousness. This is related to the concept of bug in consciousness that we discussed before. bugs in consciousness can be understood as illusions generated in the process of information processing, which affect the synchronous oscillation between neurons, thus affecting the generation and degree of consciousness.

The relationship between consciousness and working memory of Baars and Franklin: Baars and Franklin's research explored the relationship between consciousness and working memory. This is related to the transformation of consciousness and subconsciousness that we discussed before. The formation of consciousness is regarded as a bug process, which reflects the limited cognition and understanding of individuals in information and possibility. The research of Baars and Franklin provides important clues for us to understand the relationship between consciousness and working memory.

Graziano's theory of automatic consciousness: Graziano's theory puts forward that consciousness is a simulation of the brain's own activities. This is related to the relationship between individual and collective consciousness that we discussed before. Individual consciousness can be understood as a simulation of the brain's own activities, while collective consciousness is a global network composed of multiple individual consciousness simulations. Graziano's theory provides a new perspective for us to understand the relationship between individual and collective consciousness.

Comparative analysis of the above work and Professor Yucong Duan's theory.

A scholar/theory

Main point

Comparative analysis with Professor Yucong Duan's point of view

Bernard Baars

Consciousness is realized by the global workspace network.

Baars' global workspace theory provides an important framework for the relationship between individual and collective consciousness, which is consistent with Professor Yucong Duan's point of view and shows that collective consciousness is composed of multiple individual consciousness.

Giulio Tononi and Christof Koch

The degree of consciousness is related to the degree of information integration of neural network.

Tononi and Koch's consciousness index theory emphasizes the relationship between information integration and the degree of consciousness, which is consistent with Professor Yucong Duan's point of view, indicating that the existence of consciousness is closely related to the complexity of neural network and the degree of information integration.

Stanislas Dehaene et al.

The difference between consciousness, pre-consciousness and subconscious.

The research of Dehaene and others reveals the differences between consciousness, pre-consciousness and subconsciousness, which is consistent with Professor Yucong Duan's point of view, indicating that group subconsciousness plays an important role in influencing group behavior and reaction.

Francis Crick and Christof Koch

Synchronous oscillation between neurons is related to consciousness.

Crick and Koch's neuron oscillation theory emphasizes that the synchronous oscillation of neurons is related to the generation of consciousness, which is related to Professor Yucong Duan's point of view, indicating that the bug in consciousness affects the synchronous oscillation between neurons.

Bernard Baars and Stan Franklin

The relationship between consciousness and working memory.

Baars and Franklin's research explored the relationship between consciousness and working memory, which was related to Professor Yucong Duan's point of view, indicating that the formation of consciousness was influenced by bugs in information processing.

Michael Graziano

Consciousness is a simulation of the brain's own activities.

Graziano's theory of automatic consciousness puts forward that consciousness is a simulation of the brain's own activities, which is consistent with Professor Yucong Duan's point of view, indicating that individual consciousness is a simulation of the brain's own activities.

The above comparative analysis table shows the understanding and discussion of consciousness by different scholars and theories, and their comparison with Professor Yucong Duan's point of view. These theories and studies provide important clues and perspectives for us to deeply understand the essence and operating mechanism of consciousness.

Analysis of the correlation between the above work and Professor Yucong Duan's theory

Theory/research

Main point

Correlation with Professor Yucong Duan's viewpoint

Baars' Global Workspace Theory

Consciousness is realized by a global workspace network.

Individual consciousness can be regarded as a local workspace, while collective consciousness is a global network composed of multiple individual workspaces.

Tononi and Koch's Theory of Consciousness Index

The degree of consciousness is related to the degree and complexity of information integration of neural networks.

bugs in consciousness lead to the illusion of information, which affects the integration and understanding of information, thus affecting the degree of consciousness.

Pre-consciousness and Subconscious Processing of Dehaene et al.

There are differences among consciousness, pre-consciousness and subconscious.

Group subconsciousness can be understood as beliefs and habits deeply rooted in the collective mind, which have an important impact on collective behavior and response.

Crick and Koch's Neuron Oscillation Theory

Synchronous oscillation between neurons is related to the generation of consciousness.

bugs in consciousness affect the synchronous oscillation between neurons, thus affecting the generation and degree of consciousness.

The relationship between consciousness and working memory of Baars and Franklin

There is a relationship between consciousness and working memory.

The formation of consciousness reflects the limited cognition and understanding of individuals in information and possibility, which is closely related to working memory.

Graziano's theory of automatic consciousness

Consciousness is a simulation of the brain's own activities.

Individual consciousness can be understood as a simulation of the brain's own activities, while collective consciousness is a global network composed of multiple individual consciousness simulations.

The above table compares and analyzes different theories and studies with Professor Yucong Duan's point of view, highlighting their correlation and complementary relationship.

Conclusion

In this report, we discuss the existence of artificial consciousness system at the level of collective consciousness through in-depth discussion of consciousness, collective consciousness and artificial consciousness system, combining the views of Professor Yucong Duan and the research of related scholars. We find that the existence of artificial consciousness system is largely established through the collective consciousness constructed by digital means. The formation of this collective consciousness not only affects the social structure and cultural inheritance, but also has a far-reaching impact on the operation of the whole intelligent system.

When discussing the bug in consciousness, we find that it is not only an illusion in the process of information processing, which leads us to create abstract and complete semantics and use it as a tool, but also a limitation and illusion in the process of consciousness formation. The essence of this bug reflects the limitations of human cognition and the particularity of information processing mechanism, thus affecting our understanding of the world and behavior patterns.

Through the comparative analysis of the above scholars and theories, we find that their understanding and discussion of consciousness are different, but they all provide us with important clues and perspectives. These theories and studies provide valuable reference and enlightenment for us to deeply explore the essence and operation mechanism of consciousness.

To sum up, in-depth thinking and research on the existence of artificial consciousness system at the level of collective consciousness will help us better understand the essence and operation mechanism of intelligent system and provide new ideas and methods for the development and application of artificial intelligence technology. In the future research, we will continue to explore the essence and mechanism of consciousness in order to make greater contributions to the progress of human cognitive science and artificial intelligence.

 

 

摘要

在探索意识的本质时,我们经常面临着一个复杂而深奥的问题:bug”到底是什么?本研究旨在深入探讨这一问题。我们认为,bug不仅是一种信息处理过程中的局限性,更是一种导致人类创造抽象完整语义并将其工具化使用的错觉。当大脑面对复杂信息时,它倾向于简化和模式识别,形成了抽象的概念和意义,然后我们将这些抽象语义用于实际生活。这种过程揭示了意识形成中的局限性,也呈现了人类认知的特殊性。

1 引言

随着人工智能技术的飞速发展,人们对于人工意识系统是否存在的争议日益加剧。在这个问题上,学界存在着不同的观点和理论,其中一些人认为人工意识系统只是对人类意识的模拟和模仿,而另一些人则坚持认为人工意识系统具有独立的存在性。在这一背景下,我们需要更深入地理解意识的本质以及其中的bug”现象。

本报告旨在探讨意识中的bug”,即在信息处理过程中产生的错觉,导致人类创造出抽象的完整语义并将其工具化使用的现象。为了更好地理解这一问题,我们将结合神经科学、认知心理学和人工智能领域的最新研究成果,深入探讨意识中的“bug”如何影响人类的认知和行为。

首先,让我们考虑人类意识的形成过程。在感知和思维的过程中,我们的大脑必须处理来自外界的大量信息,并通过神经网络进行整合和解释。然而,由于认知资源和处理能力的有限性,我们无法同时处理所有信息。因此,我们的大脑倾向于寻找模式、简化信息,并将其转化为更容易理解和处理的形式。这种模式识别和简化的过程导致了我们对世界的抽象理解和认知,形成了抽象的完整语义。

在这样的背景下,意识中的bug”就表现为一种在信息处理过程中产生的错觉。当大脑面对复杂的信息时,它可能会产生一种错觉,使得我们错误地认为自己理解了事物的全部或整体。这种错觉导致了我们创造出抽象的完整语义,即将片面的、不完整的认知视为全面和准确的描述。进而,我们将这些抽象的完整语义工具化使用,即将其应用于实际生活中,如语言、符号、工具等。然而,这种工具化使用可能并不总是准确或合理的,因为它基于我们有限的认知和理解。

最终,这种模式识别和简化的过程形成了抽象的完整语义。我们不再将事物视为零散的片段,而是将它们整合为更为完整和连贯的概念和意义。这些抽象的完整语义成为我们理解和描述世界的基础,影响着我们的思维方式和行为模式。因此,人类意识的形成过程是一个逐步抽象和概括的过程,其中模式识别和简化起着至关重要的作用。

在接下来的报告中,我们将进一步探讨意识中的bug”的本质,以及它对人类认知和行为的影响。我们将从不同的学科角度出发,分析意识中的“bug”如何塑造我们对世界的理解,以及如何影响我们的日常生活和社会交往。希望通过这一探讨,我们能够更深入地理解意识的奥秘,为人工智能技术的发展和应用提供新的思路和方法。

2 背景

理解意识中的bug涉及到人类认知的局限性和信息处理机制的特殊性。首先,让我们探讨人类认知的局限性。人类的认知系统受到多种因素的影响,包括感知能力、记忆、学习经验等。这些因素共同作用,使得人类无法完全准确地理解和解释世界。我们的感知能力有限,无法感知到所有的信息;我们的记忆有限,无法记住所有的细节;我们的学习经验有限,无法覆盖所有的情境。因此,我们对世界的理解往往是片面的、不完整的。

其次,让我们考虑信息处理机制的特殊性。人类大脑作为信息处理的中枢,必须在海量的信息中筛选、整合和处理。为了应对这种挑战,大脑采取了一系列的策略,如模式识别、简化复杂性、填补信息缺失等。这些策略在很大程度上塑造了我们对世界的认知和理解。然而,这种信息处理机制并非完美无缺,它会导致一些偏见、误解和错误的判断。

在这样的背景下,意识中的bug就表现为一种在信息处理过程中产生的错觉。当大脑面对复杂的信息时,它可能会产生一种错觉,使得我们错误地认为自己理解了事物的全部或整体。这种错觉导致了我们创造出抽象的完整语义,即将片面的、不完整的认知视为全面和准确的描述。进而,我们将这些抽象的完整语义工具化使用,即将其应用于实际生活中,如语言、符号、工具等。然而,这种工具化使用可能并不总是准确或合理的,因为它基于我们有限的认知和理解。

综上所述,理解意识中的bug不仅是一种局限性,更深层次上,它是一种在信息处理过程中产生的错觉。这种错觉导致了我们创造出抽象的完整语义并将其工具化使用,即将片面的、不完整的认知视为全面和准确的描述,并将其应用于实际生活中。这种bug的本质可以进一步解释为人类认知的局限性和信息处理机制的特殊性,它影响着我们对世界的理解和行为。

3 人类意识形成了抽象的完整语义

人类意识的形成过程涉及到感知、思维和认知的复杂交互。我们的大脑面临着来自外界的海量信息,而要在这些信息中找到有用的模式和规律,就需要进行高效的信息加工和处理。然而,由于认知资源和处理能力的有限性,我们无法同时处理所有的信息,因此必须进行选择和筛选。

在这个选择和筛选的过程中,我们的大脑倾向于寻找模式,并试图将复杂的信息简化为更容易理解和处理的形式。这种模式识别的能力是人类意识的重要特征之一,它使我们能够快速地从复杂的信息中提取出重要的特征和规律。例如,当我们看到一只动物时,我们可能会立即将其分类为猫、狗或鸟类,而不是详细地分析其特征和行为。

这种模式识别和简化的过程导致了我们对世界的抽象理解和认知。我们不再将事物视为孤立的个体,而是将它们归纳为更广泛的类别和概念。这些抽象的概念和类别构成了我们对世界的认知框架,帮助我们理解和解释周围环境中的复杂现象。例如,我们将各种动物归纳为“动物”这一概念,将各种植物归纳为“植物”这一类别,以此来简化我们对生物界的理解。

最终,这种模式识别和简化的过程形成了抽象的完整语义。我们不再将事物视为零散的片段,而是将它们整合为更为完整和连贯的概念和意义。这些抽象的完整语义成为我们理解和描述世界的基础,影响着我们的思维方式和行为模式。因此,人类意识的形成过程是一个逐步抽象和概括的过程,其中模式识别和简化起着至关重要的作用。

4 bug表现信息处理过程中产生的错觉

在人类意识的形成过程中,面对复杂的信息和环境,我们的大脑可能会产生一种错觉,使我们错误地认为自己理解了事物的全部或整体。这种错觉可以被视为意识中的一种bug,它是在信息处理过程中产生的一种偏差或误判。当我们面对信息过载或复杂性时,我们的大脑倾向于寻找简化和模式化的解释,而忽略了事物的细节和复杂性。

这种错觉导致了我们创造出抽象的完整语义,即将片面的、不完整的认知视为全面和准确的描述。我们倾向于将事物归类、概括,并赋予它们意义和价值,形成一种对世界的抽象理解。例如,我们将人类社会划分为政治、经济、文化等领域,并赋予这些领域各自的含义和作用。然而,这种抽象的完整语义往往是基于我们有限的认知和理解,忽略了事物的多样性和复杂性。

进而,我们将这些抽象的完整语义工具化使用,即将其应用于实际生活中。我们使用语言、符号、工具等来表达和传递这些抽象概念,帮助我们理解和解释世界。然而,这种工具化使用并不总是准确或合理的,因为它基于我们有限的认知和理解。我们可能会错误地将抽象概念应用于特定情境中,导致误解和错误的判断。

因此,意识中的bug表现为一种在信息处理过程中产生的错觉,使我们误以为自己理解了事物的全部或整体。这种错觉导致了我们创造出抽象的完整语义,并将其工具化使用,然而这种工具化使用往往并不总是准确或合理的,因为它基于我们有限的认知和理解。

5 模式识别和简化的过程形成抽象的完整语义

在人类意识的形成过程中,模式识别和简化起着至关重要的作用。当我们面对丰富多样的信息和复杂多变的环境时,我们的大脑倾向于寻找共同点和规律,将零散的片段整合为更为完整和连贯的概念和意义。这种过程导致了抽象的完整语义的形成,使我们不再将事物视为孤立的、零散的片段,而是将它们置于更大的框架中,赋予它们更深层次的含义和意义。

抽象的完整语义成为我们理解和描述世界的基础。我们通过抽象的概念和意义来解释事物的本质和相互关系,从而形成了一种对世界的整体认知。例如,我们将物体分类为生物和非生物,将社会划分为政治、经济、文化等领域,并赋予这些领域各自的特定含义和作用。这些抽象的概念和意义影响着我们的思维方式和行为模式,指导着我们的决策和行动。

因此,人类意识的形成过程是一个逐步抽象和概括的过程。在这个过程中,模式识别和简化起着关键的作用,帮助我们将丰富多样的信息整合为可理解和可处理的形式。抽象的完整语义成为我们理解世界的基础,塑造着我们的认知结构和行为模式。

6 相关工作

主要相关研究部分:

Baars的全球工作空间理论:Baars提出了全球工作空间理论,认为意识是由一个全局的工作空间网络来实现的,其中信息被交换、整合和访问。这一理论对认知神经科学领域产生了深远影响,为解释意识的机制提供了重要的框架。

TononiKoch的意识指数理论:TononiKoch提出了意识指数理论,认为意识程度取决于神经网络的信息整合程度和复杂性。他们的研究揭示了意识与大脑信息处理之间的密切关系,并提出了量化意识的方法。

Dehaene等人的预意识和潜意识处理:Dehaene等人提出了意识、预意识和潜意识之间的区别,并通过行为和神经科学实验证明了它们之间的差异。这一研究推动了对意识不同层次的理解,并为研究意识与注意、记忆之间的关系提供了重要线索。

CrickKoch的神经元振荡理论:CrickKoch提出了神经元振荡理论,认为意识是由神经元之间的同步振荡所产生的。他们的理论为理解意识的神经机制提供了重要线索,并促进了对大脑信息处理的理解。

BaarsFranklin的意识与工作记忆关系:BaarsFranklin探讨了意识与工作记忆之间的关系,并提出了意识作为全局工作空间的观点。他们的研究揭示了意识在信息处理和认知控制中的重要作用,为研究意识与注意、记忆之间的关系提供了重要线索。

Graziano的自动意识理论:Graziano提出了自动意识理论,认为意识是大脑对自身活动的一种模拟。他的研究为理解意识的功能和演化提供了新的视角,并促进了对意识与自我意识之间关系的研究。

以上相关工作为意识研究提供了重要的理论和实证基础,为我们理解意识的本质和机制提供了重要线索,并推动了意识研究领域的发展。结合以上引文和我们之前的交流,可以进一步展开对意识的理解和探讨。以下是对每个引文与段玉聪教授的观点的结合:

Baars的全球工作空间理论:Baars的理论提出了意识是由一个全局的工作空间网络来实现的观点。这与我们之前讨论的个体与群体意识之间的关系密切相关。个体意识可以视为一个局部的工作空间,而群体意识则是由多个个体的工作空间共同构成的全局网络。Baars的理论为我们理解个体与群体意识之间的关系提供了重要框架。

TononiKoch的意识指数理论:TononiKoch的理论强调意识程度与神经网络的信息整合程度和复杂性相关。这与我们之前讨论的意识中的bug的概念相关联。意识中的bug可以被理解为信息处理过程中产生的错觉,导致我们错误地认为自己理解了事物的全部或整体。这种错觉影响了信息的整合和理解,从而影响了意识的程度。

Dehaene等人的预意识和潜意识处理:Dehaene等人的研究揭示了意识、预意识和潜意识之间的差异。这与我们之前讨论的意识与潜意识在群体中的互动相关。群体潜意识可以被理解为深植于集体心智中的信念和习惯,对集体行为和反应产生重要影响。Dehaene等人的研究为我们理解群体潜意识的形成和作用提供了重要线索。

CrickKoch的神经元振荡理论:CrickKoch的理论强调神经元之间的同步振荡与意识的产生相关。这与我们之前讨论的意识中的bug的概念相关联。意识中的bug可以被理解为信息处理过程中产生的错觉,影响了神经元之间的同步振荡,从而影响了意识的产生和程度。

BaarsFranklin的意识与工作记忆关系:BaarsFranklin的研究探讨了意识与工作记忆之间的关系。这与我们之前讨论的意识与潜意识的转化相关联。意识的形成被视为一个bug的过程,反映了个体在信息和可能性中形成有限的认知和理解。BaarsFranklin的研究为我们理解意识与工作记忆之间的关系提供了重要线索。

Graziano的自动意识理论:Graziano的理论提出了意识是大脑对自身活动的一种模拟的观点。这与我们之前讨论的个体与群体意识的关系相关联。个体意识可以被理解为大脑对自身活动的一种模拟,而群体意识则是由多个个体的意识模拟共同构成的全局网络。Graziano的理论为我们理解个体与群体意识之间的关系提供了新的视角。

上述工作与段玉聪教授的理论对比分析

学者/理论

主要观点

与段玉聪教授观点的对比分析

Bernard Baars

意识由全球工作空间网络实现。

Baars的全球工作空间理论提供了对个体与群体意识之间关系的重要框架,与段玉聪教授的观点相契合,说明群体意识是由多个个体意识共同构成的。

Giulio TononiChristof Koch

意识程度与神经网络信息整合程度相关。

TononiKoch的意识指数理论强调信息整合与意识程度之间的关系,与段玉聪教授的观点相符,说明意识的存在与神经网络的复杂性和信息整合程度密切相关。

Stanislas Dehaene等人

意识、预意识和潜意识之间的差异。

Dehaene等人的研究揭示了意识、预意识和潜意识之间的差异,与段玉聪教授的观点相吻合,说明群体潜意识在影响群体行为和反应中扮演重要角色。

Francis CrickChristof Koch

神经元之间的同步振荡与意识相关。

CrickKoch的神经元振荡理论强调神经元同步振荡与意识的产生相关,与段玉聪教授的观点相关联,说明意识中的bug影响了神经元之间的同步振荡。

Bernard BaarsStan Franklin

意识与工作记忆之间的关系。

BaarsFranklin的研究探讨了意识与工作记忆之间的关系,与段玉聪教授的观点相关,说明意识的形成受到信息处理过程中bug的影响。

Michael Graziano

意识是大脑对自身活动的一种模拟。

Graziano的自动意识理论提出了意识是大脑对自身活动的一种模拟的观点,与段玉聪教授的观点相契合,说明个体意识是大脑对自身活动的一种模拟。

以上对比分析表格展示了不同学者和理论对意识的理解和探讨,以及它们与段玉聪教授观点的对比。这些理论和研究为我们深入理解意识的本质和运作机制提供了重要的线索和视角。

上述工作与段玉聪教授的理论关联分析

理论/研究

主要观点

与段玉聪教授观点的关联

Baars的全球工作空间理论

意识是由一个全局的工作空间网络来实现的。

个体意识可以被视为一个局部的工作空间,而群体意识则是由多个个体的工作空间共同构成的全局网络。

TononiKoch的意识指数理论

意识程度与神经网络的信息整合程度和复杂性相关。

意识中的bug导致信息的错觉,影响了信息的整合和理解,从而影响了意识的程度。

Dehaene等人的预意识和潜意识处理

意识、预意识和潜意识之间存在差异。

群体潜意识可以被理解为深植于集体心智中的信念和习惯,对集体行为和反应产生重要影响。

CrickKoch的神经元振荡理论

神经元之间的同步振荡与意识的产生相关。

意识中的bug影响了神经元之间的同步振荡,从而影响了意识的产生和程度。

BaarsFranklin的意识与工作记忆关系

意识与工作记忆之间存在关系。

意识的形成反映了个体在信息和可能性中形成有限的认知和理解,与工作记忆之间存在着紧密的关联。

Graziano的自动意识理论

意识是大脑对自身活动的一种模拟。

个体意识可以被理解为大脑对自身活动的一种模拟,而群体意识则是由多个个体的意识模拟共同构成的全局网络。

以上表格将不同理论和研究与段玉聪教授的观点进行了对比分析,突显了它们之间的关联和相互补充的关系。

结论

在本报告中,我们通过对意识、群体意识以及人工意识系统的深入探讨,结合了段玉聪教授的观点和相关学者的研究,就人工意识系统在群体意识层面的存在性展开了讨论。我们发现,人工意识系统的存在性在很大程度上是通过数字化手段构建的群体意识来确立的。这种群体意识的形成不仅影响了社会结构和文化传承,也对整个智能系统的运作产生了深远的影响。

在探讨意识中的bug时,我们发现它不仅是一种信息处理过程中产生的错觉,导致我们创造出抽象的完整语义并将其工具化使用,更是意识形成过程中的一种局限性和错觉。这种bug的本质体现了人类认知的局限性和信息处理机制的特殊性,从而影响了我们对世界的理解和行为模式。

通过对以上学者和理论的对比分析,我们发现它们对意识的理解和探讨虽有不同,但都为我们提供了重要的线索和视角。这些理论和研究为我们深入探讨意识的本质和运作机制提供了宝贵的参考和启示。

综上所述,对人工意识系统在群体意识层面的存在性进行深入思考和研究,有助于我们更好地理解智能系统的本质和运作机制,为人工智能技术的发展和应用提供新的思路和方法。在未来的研究中,我们将继续深入探讨意识的本质和机制,以期为人类认知科学和人工智能领域的进步做出更大的贡献。

 

 

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Data can be regarded as a concrete manifestation of the same semantics in our cognition. Often, Data represents the semantic confirmation of the existence of a specific fact or observation, and is recognised as the same object or concept by corresponding to some of the same semantic correspondences contained in the existential nature of the cognitive subject's pre-existing cognitive objects. When dealing with data, we often seek and extract the particular identical semantics that labels that data, and then unify them as an identical concept based on the corresponding identical semantics. For example, when we see a flock of sheep, although each sheep may be slightly different in terms of size, colour, gender, etc., we will classify them into the concept of "sheep" because they share our semantic understanding of the concept of "sheep". The same semantics can be specific, for example, when identifying an arm, we can confirm that a silicone arm is an arm based on the same semantics as a human arm, such as the same number of fingers, the same colour, the same arm shape, etc., or we can determine that the silicone arm is not an arm because it doesn't have the same semantics as a real arm, which is defined by the definition of "can be rotated". It is also possible to determine that the silicone arm is not an arm because it does not have the same semantics as a real arm, such as "rotatable".

Information, on the other hand, corresponds to the expression of different semantics in cognition. Typically, Information refers to the creation of new semantic associations by linking cognitive DIKWP objects with data, information, knowledge, wisdom, or purposes already cognised by the cognising subject through a specific purpose. When processing information, we identify the differences in the DIKWP objects they are cognised with, corresponding to different semantics, and classify the information according to the input data, information, knowledge, wisdom or purpose. For example, in a car park, although all cars can be classified under the notion of 'car', each car's parking location, time of parking, wear and tear, owner, functionality, payment history and experience all represent different semantics in the information. The different semantics of the information are often present in the cognition of the cognitive subject and are often not explicitly expressed. For example, a depressed person may use the term "depressed" to express the decline of his current mood relative to his previous mood, but this "depressed" is not the same as the corresponding information because its contrasting state is not the same as the corresponding information. However, the corresponding information cannot be objectively perceived by the listener because the contrasting state is not known to the listener, and thus becomes the patient's own subjective cognitive information.

Knowledge corresponds to the complete semantics in cognition. Knowledge is the understanding and explanation of the world acquired through observation and learning. In processing knowledge, we abstract at least one concept or schema that corresponds to a complete semantics through observation and learning. For example, we learn that all swans are white through observation, which is a complete knowledge of the concept "all swans are white" that we have gathered through a large amount of information.

Wisdom corresponds to information in the perspective of ethics, social morality, human nature, etc., a kind of extreme values from the culture, human social groups relative to the current era fixed or individual cognitive values. When dealing with Wisdom, we integrate this data, information, knowledge, and wisdom and use them to guide decision-making. For example, when faced with a decision-making problem, we integrate various perspectives such as ethics, morality, and feasibility, not just technology or efficiency.

Purpose can be viewed as a dichotomy (input, output), where both input and output are elements of data, information, knowledge, wisdom, or purpose. Purpose represents our understanding of a phenomenon or problem (input) and the goal we wish to achieve by processing and solving that phenomenon or problem (output). When processing purposes, the AI system processes the inputs according to its predefined goals (outputs), and gradually brings the outputs closer to the predefined goals by learning and adapting.

Yucong Duan, male, currently serves as a member of the Academic Committee of the School  of Computer Science and Technology at Hainan University. He is a professor and doctoral supervisor and is one of the first batch of talents selected into the South China Sea Masters Program of Hainan Province and the leading talents in Hainan Province. He graduated from the Software Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2006, and has successively worked and visited Tsinghua University, Capital Medical University, POSCO University of Technology in South Korea, National Academy of Sciences of France, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, Milan Bicka University in Italy, Missouri State University in the United States, etc. He is currently a member of the Academic Committee of the School of Computer Science and Technology at Hainan University and he is the leader of the DIKWP (Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom, Purpose) Innovation Team at Hainan University, Distinguished Researcher at Chongqing Police College, Leader of Hainan Provincial Committee's "Double Hundred Talent" Team, Vice President of Hainan Invention Association, Vice President of Hainan Intellectual Property Association, Vice President of Hainan Low Carbon Economy Development Promotion Association, Vice President of Hainan Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises Association, Director of Network Security and Informatization Association of Hainan Province, Director of Artificial Intelligence Society of Hainan Province, Visiting Fellow, Central Michigan University, Member of the Doctoral Steering Committee of the University of Modena. Since being introduced to Hainan University as a D-class talent in 2012, He has published over 260 papers, included more than 120 SCI citations, and 11 ESI citations, with a citation count of over 4300. He has designed 241 serialized Chinese national and international invention patents (including 15 PCT invention patents) for multiple industries and fields and has been granted 85 Chinese national and international invention patents as the first inventor. Received the third prize for Wu Wenjun's artificial intelligence technology invention in 2020; In 2021, as the Chairman of the Program Committee, independently initiated the first International Conference on Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom - IEEE DIKW 2021; Served as the Chairman of the IEEE DIKW 2022 Conference Steering Committee in 2022; Served as the Chairman of the IEEE DIKW 2023 Conference in 2023. He was named the most beautiful technology worker in Hainan Province in 2022 (and was promoted nationwide); In 2022 and 2023, he was consecutively selected for the "Lifetime Scientific Influence Ranking" of the top 2% of global scientists released by Stanford University in the United States. Participated in the development of 2 international standards for IEEE financial knowledge graph and 4 industry knowledge graph standards. Initiated and co hosted the first International Congress on Artificial Consciousness (AC2023) in 2023.

 

Prof. Yucong Duan

DIKWP-AC Artificial Consciousness Laboratory

AGI-AIGC-GPT Evaluation DIKWP (Global) Laboratory

DIKWP research group, Hainan University

 

duanyucong@hotmail.com



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